Each winter, the air quality in and around Noida, breaches the risk level. We are all aware of the fatal consequences of air pollution on our health. Even a brief exposure to contaminants can make the symptoms worse for people with a respiratory or heart condition. Hazardous air contaminants such as smog can irritate the eyes, throat and damage the heart and lungs. The eyes are one of the most sensitive organs and can be affected when contaminants in the air rise above the danger level. Pollution may cause the eyes to become irritable, dry, itchy, and red, raising the risk of allergic reactions or infections. Research also discovered a major correlation between diabetes and the levels of pollution.
The most vulnerable people from air pollution are infants, older adults, pregnant women, and outdoor workers. The health hazards commonly associated with air pollution are,
– Breathing difficulties and problems related to lungs
– Worsening of signs of asthma
– Irritation of the eye.
If anyone suffering from any pre-existing conditions, experiences breathlessness, they should immediately visit an ENT specialist in Noida for a complete diagnose and treatment.
Precautions against Air pollution
Let us look at the precautions we can take to prevent exposing ourselves to hazardous pollutants, especially during winters in Noida.
- Stop or limit strenuous outdoor activities- Avoid exercising in smoggy conditions, particularly at noon when ground ozone levels are at their maximum. Limit your outdoor activities. Your respiratory rate during exercise is higher than normal, and when you are surrounded by smog, it can damage your lungs, and inhale deeper. It is therefore best to continue the workout indoors until the moment when the level of air pollution returns to normal.
- Indoor air cleaning- A portable or centralized air purifier may minimize the concentrations of indoor air contaminants. The air filters in the purifiers, which are its most important components, clean the air off smaller allergens like dust, pollen, pet dander, and smoke.
- Keep your home clean and dust-free- To reduce the dust particles floating in the air inside our house, experts suggest wet mopping of floors. To further minimize exposure while you sleep, it is also recommended that people sleep in a clean room that has the least number of windows and doors.
- Eye Care- Our vision is a blessing, however, our eyes are quite fragile and hence they need to be taken care of. After getting home from school, college, or work and before going off to sleep, wash your eyes thoroughly with clean, running water. Clean your hands regularly and if they have dust particles, do not touch your eyes with them. An eye drop prescribed by a specialist doctor to flush out impurities and soothe the eyes would be beneficial. If the problem of irritation persists in your eyes, you need to visit an Eye hospital in Noida for a thorough check-up.
- Keep yourself well hydrated- Having water and other liquids like juices will help your body keep well hydrated and help it to get rid of harmful toxins. You can also consume fruits and vegetables that are high in water content.
- Wear the right mask- Wear a sophisticated face mask that can protect against the microscopic pollutants that can harm the lungs. Stop wearing surgical masks as they do not provide enough protection against microscopic pollutants. During winters, Noida’s air pollution can rise to a very high level. Get a mask that is rated N95, so that more than 95% of the particles are filtered out. Some individuals might also experience continuous cough without any sign of getting better, despite wearing a mask. Under these circumstances, it is recommended that you visit a good ENT specialist in Noida, who can put you on a treatment plan.
- Get involved in the cause and play your part in limiting emissions- In the long term, we all need to work together to build mechanisms that allow us to improve our air quality. Instead of driving independently in our private cars, we can consider using public transport and carpooling. If we are required by the government to follow some regulations to avoid air pollution, we should comply with them.
- Keep yourself aware- Check regular air-quality warnings. By monitoring regular air-quality warnings and preparing your outdoor activities accordingly, you can protect yourself and your family. Keep away from hotspots of emissions-such as main highways, busy road junctions, and areas with high levels of particulate air pollution. Limit the amount of outdoor playtime for your kids.
While it is beneficial to take all the necessary precautions against pollution, poor air quality exposure can often lead to symptoms such as coughing, irritation in the nose, sore throat, asthma, or wheezing. In case, these symptoms persist, it’s good to consult an ENT specialist in Noida to get the necessary treatment and medication.